Tutorial(First Steps)

From XDSwiki

A beginner's walk-through to XDS

This tutorial is directed at people who are beginners to XDS and do not want to start reading about all the technical details but rather want their images processed. Other processing programs are often more attractive to new users because using a GUI make starting easier than a script file. If you notice a mistake or gap in this tutorial, please contact the authors.

In the following, the manual mode of setting up XDS.INP is explained. But there is also a script that does most of this automatically, at least for common types of detectors.

Setting up

Image Location

It is not recommended to process the images from within the same directory as the images are. At least create a subdirectory. In many cases the data images are on an external disk or remotely mounted directory with an awfully long path name. If you images are "/some/where/with/a/very/long/path", XDS.INP may not find the images and one must create a link to the actual directory.

 #> ln -s /some/where/with/a/very/long/path images 

.

Getting XDS.INP

You must know the type of detector your data were collected on. Then visit the XDS Homepage, download the appropriate template and rename it to XDS.INP.

Editing XDS.INP

This tutorial uses the template for XDS-MARCCD.INP (templates can be downloaded from [1].

Open XDS.INP with your favourite text editor (e.g. gedit, kate, kwrite, vim, emacs...) and make the following adjustments (from top to bottom):

  • Pixel Size Find out the number of pixels of your detector. A very good program to find this is adxv (also see the wiki article adxv): It allows to view the image header where these numbers often can be found. adxv image viewer, main menu adxv showing image header info. Pixel size is highlighted
  • Adjusting JOB Card Make a copy of the JOB line in XDS.INP for reference. Comment out one line by putting a exclamation mark "!" at the beginning of the line and prepare the other one to run the steps from XYCORR to CORRECT.Adjusting the JOB card in XDS.INP
  • ORGX and ORGY Unless you can guess the direct beam position on the images, e.g. from ice rings, set both these values to half the detector size. In the case of this example, where the MAR-CCD is 3072x3072 pixels, this means
 ORGX=1536.00 ORGY=1536.00  !Detector origin (pixels).
  • Experiment specific settings The following numbers are also usually found in the image header (or in your lab notebook, or in logs written by the beamline software):
DETECTOR_DISTANCE= 150.0   !(mm)
OSCILLATION_RANGE=1.0            !degrees (>0)
X-RAY_WAVELENGTH=1.07176         !Angstroem
NAME_TEMPLATE_OF_DATA_FRAMES=./images/tutorial_????.img  ! TIFF
DATA_RANGE=1 180    !Numbers of first and last data image collected
SPOT_RANGE=1  90    !images to be used for indexing; 1 180 would be better unless there is radiation damage

Then data processing can start. type

#> xds_par 

to run xds and wait until it's finished.

Indexing Fails

If the detector origin is too far from the image centre, IDXREF is going to stop with the error message

!!! ERROR !!! SOLUTION IS INACCURATE

Do the following:

  • In IDXREF.LP, find the table INDEXING OF OBSERVED SPOTS IN SPACE GROUP
***** INDEXING OF OBSERVED SPOTS IN SPACE GROUP #   1 *****
  16196 OUT OF   76452 SPOTS INDEXED.
      0 REJECTED REFLECTIONS (REASON: OVERLAP)
  60256 REJECTED REFLECTIONS (REASON: TOO FAR FROM IDEAL POSITION)
EXPECTED ERROR IN SPINDLE  POSITION     2.398 DEGREES
EXPECTED ERROR IN DETECTOR POSITION      1.72 PIXELS

Unless really hardly any reflections could be indexed (second line in the table), scroll a few lines up and copy the refined values for the beam origin

DETECTOR ORIGIN (PIXELS) AT                     1514.16   1537.27

as improved ORGX and ORGY to XDS.INP and try indexing again. XDS is quite robust and in many cases this approach works. If not, read Obtaining ORGX ORGY.

  • Check the refined detector distance
DETECTOR ORIGIN (PIXELS) AT                     1514.16   1537.27
CRYSTAL TO DETECTOR DISTANCE (mm)       422.92    

If it deviates by more than 1-2mm from the input distance, check all your parameters again. Is the wavelength really correct, as well as the distance? If you are sure about them, try indexing with only a few images

SPOT_RANGE = 1 20